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Neurosyphilis

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Neurosyphilis

Overview

Neurosyphilis refers to the infection of the brain and spinal cord by the syphilis bacteria. This can lead to destruction in many areas of the nervous system, causing loss of function of a person's arms or legs, loss of vision, and altered mental abilities. Neurosyphilis can affect many different body systems and may develop over an extended period of time.

What are the symptoms of neurosyphilis?

Common symptoms of neurosyphilis include:

  • Headaches.
  • Confusion.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • A stiff neck.
  • Vision problems.
  • Hearing loss.
  • Dizziness.
  • Personality changes.
  • Memory loss.

In some cases, neurosyphilis doesn't cause symptoms.

How is neurosyphilis treated?

Antibiotic treatment cures the syphilis infection and stops the progress of neurosyphilis. But the damage that has already occurred may not be reversed.

Related Information

Credits

Current as of: April 19, 2023

Author: Healthwise Staff
Clinical Review Board
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