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Gastroenterologist and young girl smiling at each other

Pediatric Digestive Care: Esophageal Atresia

Esophageal Atresia (EA) is a birth defect where the esophagus fails to connect the mouth to the stomach. Babies with this condition must undergo surgical repair, often very soon after delivery. Without treatment, feeding may result in the aspiration of milk and stomach acid into the trachea and lungs.

Pediatric surgeons at NewYork-Presbyterian offer minimally invasive surgical options for EA repair in certain patients. They may also repair esophageal atresia using a thoracoscopic approach, making three small incisions in the baby’s chest.

While surgery corrects the structural problem, these children need careful long-term follow up to restore the function of the esophagus. We monitor them, as they grow, for conditions like acid reflux, or the formation of strictures (narrowing) surrounding the esophagus repair. These conditions can result in food and stomach acid lingering in the esophagus. Prolonged acid reflux can lead to Barrett’s esophagus, a dangerous precancerous condition.

Our experts have developed a new model of care to provide the best possible treatment in a single location. We are also specially equipped to deal with children with complex medical needs.