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Systemic Vasculitis (Pediatric)

What is systemic vasculitis?

Childhood vasculitis is characterized by inflammation in blood vessel walls and includes several disorders such as:

  • Takayasu’s arteritis
  • Giant cell (temporal) arteritis
  • Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Kawasaki disease
  • ANCA-associated vasculitis
  • Churn-Strauss syndrome
  • Henoch-Schonlein purpurn
  • Behcet’s disease
  • Primary CNS vasculitis
  • Cogan syndrome

Children may present with fever, weight loss, skin lesions, neurological problems, joint pains or swelling, high blood pressure, or lung problems including hemorrhage.

What is the treatment for systemic vasculitis?

Symptoms and treatments vary depending on the disorder. Early diagnosis usually made by a rheumatologist may improve health outcomes.