What is uveitis?
Uveitis is an inflammation of the uveal tissue in the eye. The types of this condition are primary (without other problems in the body) or secondary (caused by infections and other autoimmune diseases).
What causes uveitis?
The leading cause of secondary uveitis is juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Other diseases associated with uveitis are ankylosing spondylitis, sarcoidosis, Behcet’s disease, and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harads disease as well as infections such as Toxoplasmosis and Tuberculosis. The onset of uveitis may be asymptomatic, or associated with eye pain, redness, headache, photophobia or change in vision.
What is the treatment for uveitis?
Timely diagnosis and exclusion of an infectious cause is important. Periodic slit-lamp eye exams in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis are important, even in the absence of eye symptoms. Treatment may include local corticosteroids, methotrexate, azathioprine, cyclosporine, mycophenolate, anti-TNF, or other biologic agents.