Vascular Anomalies Program
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The body’s vascular system consists of blood (arteries, veins, capillaries) and lymphatic vessels. Disorders in the development of the vascular system can cause vascular tumors or malformation called vascular anomalies. Vascular anomaly conditions can range in severity from small localized birthmarks, to extremely complex conditions depending on the type of vessel or vessels involved, location, size and may even impact your child’s overall health.
Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM) form from tangled and abnormal direct connections between arteries and veins because the necessary capillaries are missing.
Vascular birthmarks are made of blood and lymphatic vessels can be red or strawberry colored, as in a port wine stain or a hemangioma, which is more tumor-like.
The vascular or circulatory system is made up of capillaries, arteries, veins, and lymphatics that carry blood and lymphatic fluids throughout the body.
Fibro-Adipose vascular anomaly (FAVA) occurs when a significant percentage of a kid's muscle in one of their limbs is taken over by tough, fibrous, fatty vascular tissue.
Hemangiomas are non-cancerous tumors that are red or strawberry-colored when they are located on the skin’s surface and blue-purple when they are in the deeper skin layers.
Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a rare, non-cancerous vascular tumor comprised of blood vessels.
Lymphatic Malformations can occur anywhere in the body, sometimes in isolation or widespread to a limb or deeper in the muscles and bones.
Port wine stains or birthmarks are permanent and visible and are caused by malformations in the smallest blood vessels in the skin.
Pyogenic granulomas are common, non-cancerous, small red bumpy growths found on the skin and mucous membranes, usually on the head and neck on children.
Some vascular anomalies are caused by regional changes in genes that play an important role in guiding blood vessel development and the growth of normal structures.
Spindle cell hemangiomas are non-cancerous tumors that look long and thin under the microscope.
Venous malformations (VeMs) are the most common type of vascular malformation and can be simple and superficial or complex and deep in the body's muscles, bones, or organs.