Hodgkin Lymphoma (Pediatric)
What is Hodgkin lymphoma?
Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a hematopoietic malignancy that involves the lymphatic system and lymph glands. The lymph system includes the lymph nodes, which make up hundreds of small filter-like structures throughout the body, as well as the spleen, liver, and bone marrow. Although Hodgkin’s lymphoma can occur at any age, it most often occurs in teenagers and is more common in males than in females. In addition, a prior infection like Epstein-Barr virus or infectious mononucleosis may increase the risk of developing Hodgkin lymphoma.
What are the symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma?
Children with symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma may have:
- Painless swelling of a lymph node
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
How is Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed?
Diagnosing Hodgkin lymphoma entails:
- Lymph node biopsy
- Radiological tests to determine if the Hodgkin’s lymphoma has spread. These tests are called disease staging and may include CT scan, MRI, PET scan, and bone marrow aspirate and biopsy.
What is the treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma?
Treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma includes:
The survival and cure rates for Hodgkin lymphoma are excellent.