Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (Pediatric)
What is Non-Hodgkin lymphoma?
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a cancer that arises in lymphoid tissues. The malignant cell is usually a normal cell that undergoes transformation. The etiology of NHL is unknown, however, patients with the following conditions may have an increased incidence and must be monitored for occurrence of the disease:
- Immunodeficiency disorders
- Certain genetic syndromes
- Second cancers after receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy
The common types of childhood NHL include the following:
- Burkitt lymphoma
- Diffuse large B cell lymphoma
- Lymphoblastic T cell or B cell lymphoma
- Anaplastic large cell lymphoma
How is Non-Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed?
Diagnosis of this condition entails:
- Imaging studies such as ultrasound, CT scans, and MRIs
- Lymph node biopsy
- Bone marrow aspirtate and biopsy
- Spinal tap to exam the cerebrospinal
What is the treatment for Non-Hodgkin lymphoma?
Treatment of this condition includes:
- Stem cell transplant