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Osteosarcoma (Pediatric)

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What is osteosarcoma?

This type of cancerous tumor grows from the cortex of bone and develops quickly and aggressively. It is the most common form of bone cancer in children and young adults. The tumor most frequently occurs in the bones surrounding the knee but also may be found in the pelvis, shoulders, and upper extremities. It is more common in males than females, and the etiology is not known. In rare circumstances, it may occur in a bone that was previously irradiated from another condition.

What are the symptoms of osteosarcoma?

Symptoms of this condition are:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Redness

How is osteosarcoma diagnosed?

Diagnosis of osteosarcoma entails:

  • Bone X-ray
  • CT scan and MRI of the bone
  • PET scan
  • Biopsy of the affected bone

What is the treatment for osteosarcoma?

Treatment for this condition includes:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Surgery to remove the tumor and spare the affected limb, if possible