Nystagmus (Pediatric)

What is nystagmus?

Nystagmus is an involuntary rhythmic oscillation of the eyes. It may be an isolated problem or associated with other issues affecting the eyes or central nervous system. It may {also} be an inherited condition within a family, or secondary to the loss of vision in early childhood.

How is nystagmus diagnosed?

It is generally easy to detect, but may be masked somewhat by a compensatory face turn, as the child attempts to see better. The presence of nystagmus should {be} confirmed by an examination performed by a pediatric ophthalmologist.

How is nystagmus treated?

While treatment will depend on the underlying condition, most cases cannot be cured. However, in some cases, surgery can alleviate an abnormal head posture and possibly reduce the intensity of the nystagmus, thereby improving vision.