What is amblyopia?
Amblyopia is a loss of vision that can occur in childhood when there are issues affecting the normal development of the eyes. Sometimes referred to as a “lazy eye” the condition is unique to young children, but its effects can be permanent. Common causes are uncorrected refractive errors and strabismus, and less commonly cataract, glaucoma, eyelid ptosis, and corneal opacities.
How is amblyopia diagnosed?
Amblyopia can only be detected by an accurate assessment of a child’s vision, using age-appropriate techniques. If there is a loss of vision in one or both eyes, coupled with the presence of typical risk factors, such as strabismus or optical blur, then amblyopia is likely. Other possible causes for reduced vision must also be excluded.
Early detection and treatment is of paramount importance, and the expertise of the pediatric ophthalmologists at Columbia ensures the best possible care.
How is amblyopia treated?
Treatments typically include patching, glasses, and topical medication, although surgery may be necessary in certain cases such as cataract or ptosis.